PhantomJS returning empty web page (python, Selenium)

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Trying to screen scrape a web site without having to launch an actual browser instance in a python script (using Selenium). I can do this with Chrome or Firefox – I’ve tried it and it works – but I want to use PhantomJS so it’s headless.

The code looks like this:

import sys
import traceback
import time
from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.common.keys import Keys
from selenium.webdriver.common.desired_capabilities import DesiredCapabilities
dcap
= dict(DesiredCapabilities.PHANTOMJS)
dcap
["phantomjs.page.settings.userAgent"] = (
"Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64) AppleWebKit/53 "
"(KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/15.0.87"
)
try:
# Choose our browser
browser
= webdriver.PhantomJS(desired_capabilities=dcap)
#browser = webdriver.PhantomJS()
#browser = webdriver.Firefox()
#browser = webdriver.Chrome(executable_path="/usr/local/bin/chromedriver")
# Go to the login page
browser
.get("https://www.whatever.com")
# For debug, see what we got back
html_source
= browser.page_source
with open('out.html', 'w') as f:
f
.write(html_source)
# PROCESS THE PAGE (code removed)
except Exception, e:
browser
.save_screenshot('screenshot.png')
traceback
.print_exc(file=sys.stdout)
finally:
browser
.close()

The output is merely:

<html><head></head><body></body></html>

But when I use the Chrome or Firefox options, it works fine. I thought maybe the web site was returning junk based on the user agent, so I tried faking that out. No difference.

What am I missing?

UPDATED: I will try to keep the below snippet updated with until it works. What’s below is what I’m currently trying.

import sys
import traceback
import time
import re
from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.support.wait import WebDriverWait
from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
from selenium.webdriver.common.keys import Keys
from selenium.webdriver.common.desired_capabilities import DesiredCapabilities
from selenium.webdriver.support import expected_conditions as EC
dcap
= dict(DesiredCapabilities.PHANTOMJS)
dcap
["phantomjs.page.settings.userAgent"] = (
"Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64) AppleWebKit/53 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/15.0.87")
try:
# Set up our browser
browser
= webdriver.PhantomJS(desired_capabilities=dcap, service_args=['--ignore-ssl-errors=true'])
#browser = webdriver.Chrome(executable_path="/usr/local/bin/chromedriver")
# Go to the login page
print "getting web page..."
browser
.get("https://www.website.com")
# Need to wait for the page to load
timeout
= 10
print "waiting %s seconds..." % timeout
wait
= WebDriverWait(browser, timeout)
element
= wait.until(EC.element_to_be_clickable((By.ID,'the_id')))
print "done waiting. Response:"
# Rest of code snipped. Fails as "wait" above.
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I was facing the same problem and no amount of code to make the driver wait was helping.

The problem is the SSL encryption on the https websites, ignoring them will do the trick.

Call the PhantomJS driver as:

driver = webdriver.PhantomJS(service_args=['--ignore-ssl-errors=true', '--ssl-protocol=TLSv1'])

This solved the problem for me.

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