Apply '@Rule' after each '@Test' and before each '@After' in JUnit

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I have a test suite where I am logging out of the system in @After and closing the browser in @AfterClass. I am trying to use @Rule to take failed test screenshot using Selenium for every test method. I checked manually that @Rule only runs before every @Before but I want to set it up after @Test and before @After. I couldn’t find out simple solution. Any help will be appreciated.

public class MorgatgeCalculatorTest  {
@Before
public void before(){
System.out.println("I am before");
}
@BeforeClass
public static void beforeclass(){
System.out.println("I am beforeclass");
}
@Test
public void test(){
System.out.println("I am Test");
}
@Test
public void test2(){
System.out.println("I am Test2");
}
@After
public void after(){
System.out.println("I am after");
}
@AfterClass
public static void afterclass(){
System.out.println("I am afterclass");
}
@Rule
ExpensiveExternalResource ExpensiveExternalResource = new ExpensiveExternalResource();
static class ExpensiveExternalResource implements MethodRule {
public ExpensiveExternalResource(){
System.out.println("I am rule");
}
@Override
public Statement apply(Statement arg0, FrameworkMethod arg1, Object arg2) {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
return null;
}
}

The output I am getting is

I am beforeclass
I am rule
I am before
I am
Test
I am after
I am rule
I am before
I am
Test2
I am after
I am afterclass
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Because of the way that rules are set up, you can’t have a rule that comes after @before or before @after. You can think of rules like shells that you put on the test method. The first shell to go on is @before/@after. Thereafter the @rules are applied.

A quick way to do what you want to do is to avoid @After altogether. A rule can be created so that it will take a screenshot if a method fails and then execute yours after the code. It isn’t quite as pretty as @After, but it works. (also I implemented TestRule because MethodRule has been depreciated).

public class MortgageCalculatorTest  {
@Before
public void before(){
System.out.println("I am before");
}
@BeforeClass
public static void beforeclass(){
System.out.println("I am beforeclass");
}
@Test
public void test(){
System.out.println("I am a Test");
}
@Test
public void test2(){
System.out.println("I am a Failed Test");
fail
();
}
@AfterClass
public static void afterclass(){
System.out.println("I am afterclass");
}
@Rule
public ExpensiveExternalResource ExpensiveExternalResource = new ExpensiveExternalResource();
public static class ExpensiveExternalResource implements TestRule {
// public ExpensiveExternalResource(){}
public class ExpansiveExternalResourceStatement extends Statement{
private Statement baseStatement;
public ExpansiveExternalResourceStatement(Statement b){
baseStatement
= b;
}
@Override
public void evaluate() throws Throwable {
try{
baseStatement
.evaluate();
}catch(Error e){
System.out.println("I take a Screenshot");
throw e;
}finally{
after
();
}
}
//Put your after code in this method!
public void after(){
System.out.println("I am after");
}
}
public Statement apply(Statement base, Description description) {
return new ExpansiveExternalResourceStatement(base);
}
}
}

All the work of the rule is done in a statement. A org.junit.runners.model.Statement is a class that represents a bundle of code. So here the apply method receives the bundle of code that you are putting a shell around. Apply returns your statement that executes the bundle of code that you gave it and surrounds it with a try/catch statement to catch the method failures.

The output for this method is:

I am beforeclass
I am before
I am a
Test
I am after
I am before
I am a
Failed Test
I take a
Screenshot
I am after
I am afterclass

Hope this helps!

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