Boundary Value Analysis (BVA) with Example

Boundary Value Analysis


For almost all application we need to find the boundary of the features inside the application under test and it can be done by Boundary Value Analysis (BVA).

Boundary Value Analysis is a test design technique which does a selection of test case that exercises bounding values.

Boundary Value Analysis is complement to Equivalence Class Partitioning (ECP). BVA selects test cases at boundary/edge of equivalence class.

Values considered for Boundary value analysis are

  • Upper boundary/Limit
  • Lower boundary/Limit
  • Upper boundary +1
  • Lower boundary  -1


boundary value analysis is one of important criteria during testing the application. as you can find more and more defects at boundary.

Examples:  during interview this most common questions

1) Write BVA test cases for Test box where text box has min char. limit is 4 and max char. limit 10

Answer:  if you look at above listed considered values for BVA, the  answer will be  there will 4 test cases, i will test it for values, 4 (Lower limit), 10 (upper limit), 11 ( upper limit +1) and 3 ( lower limit +1).

2) Write BVA test cases for Text box which has fixed input size, say 5 char.

Answer: In this condition, look at the word FIXED, so there lower and upper boundary conditions are same, as value i need to enter is fixed. so my test cases will be 3 and values will be 5( upper and lower limit), 4 ( lower limit -1), 6 (upper limit  +1)

i hope this will clear your thoughts about the boundary value analysis.

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